Percentage MCQ Questions with Solution for Competitive Exams. Important question answer from the precious year exam question paper of SSC CGL, CPO, CSL and other govt jobs examinations. The Percentage MCQ are for the English Medium Students and Jobs aspirants.

## Basic Concept of Percentage

**Percentage is always relative to 100. For example, a student score 64 numbers, Out of 100. That means he get 64% Marks**. **Method = x 100**

% Marks = x 100 = 64% **If someone score 24 Marks, out of total 50 marks ** – % Marks scored by him = x 100 = 48%

### Percentage MCQ Questions on Basic Concept

**Q. 1:** If x % of y % of 80 is the same as 25% of 900, then the value of xy is :

a) 30100

b) 32500

c) 28125

d) 34200

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 28125**

=>

**Q. 1:** यदि 80 के y% का x%, 900 के 25% के समान है, तो xy का मान है:

a) 30100

b) 32500

c) 28125

d) 34200

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 28125**

=>

**Q.2: **If 8% of x = 4% of y, then 20% of x is :

a) 10% of y

b) 16% of y

c) 40% of y

d) 80% of y

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 10% of y**

20% of x is =

=> = 10% of y

**Q.3:** In a village 30% of the population is literate. If the total population of the village is 6600, then the number of illiterate :

a) 1980

b) 4620

c) 2200

d) 3280

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 4620**

**Q.4: **When 75 is added to 75% of a number, the answer is the number itself. Find 40% of that number :

a) 100

b) 80

c) 120

d) 160

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 120**

=>

=>

40% of 300 =

**Q.5: **In a big garden, 60% of the trees are coconut trees, 25% of the number of coconut trees are mango trees and 20% of the number of mango trees are apple trees. If the number of apple trees are 1500, then the number of trees in the garden is :

a) 48000

b) 50000

c) 51000

d) 45000

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 50000**

=>

**Q.6: **A box has 100 blue balls, 50 red balls, 50 black balls. 25% of blue balls and 50% of red balls are taken away. The percentage of black balls at present is :

a) 50%

b) 25%

c) %

d) 40%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) %**

After taking away respective balls, remaining balls are = 75+25+50=150

Percentage of black balls = %

**Q.7: **The population of a village is 25,000. One fifth are females and the rest are males. 5% of males and 40% of females are uneducated. What percentage of the whole are educated?

a) 75%

b) 88%

c) 55%

d) 85%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 88%**

Female one fifth = 5,000, Male = 25,000 -5,000 = 20000

Educated male = 95% of 20000 =19000

Educated Female = 60%of 5000 =3000

Total educated person = 22000

Required % =88%

**Q.8: ** If 125% of x is 100, then x is :

a) 80

b) 150

c) 400

d) 125

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 80**

**Q.9: **A team played 40 games in a season and won in 24 of them. In what per cent of games played did the team win?

a) 70%

b) 40%

c) 60%

d) 35%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 60%**

= 60%

**Q.10: **The time duration of 1 hour 45 minutes is what per cent of a day?

a) 7.218%

b) 7.292%

c) 8.3%

d) 8.24%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 7.292%**

Minutes = 60+45 = 105

Total Minutes in 24 hrs = 24×60

Required Percentage = = 7.292%

**Q.11: **If 20% of A = 50% of B, then what per cent of A is B?

a) 30%

b) 40%

c) 25%

d) 15%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 40%**

20% of A = 50%B

=> 2A = 5B

=> A =

Let B is x% of A

=> x = 40%

### If x is Less/More than y by m% then y Exceeds/Lags than x

**Q.12: **If x earns 25% more than y. What percent less does y earn than x?

a) 16%

b) 10%

c) 20%

d) 25%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 20%**

y =100, x =125

y earn 25 less than x

% less in respect of x = = 20%

**Short Trick**

= 20%

**Q.13: **B got 20% marks less than A. What percent marks did A got more than B?

a) 20%

b) 25%

c) 12%

d) 80%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 25%**

A =100, B= 80

A got 20 marks more than B

Percentage more in respect of B = = 25%

**Direct Short Trick**

= 25%

**Q.14:** Which number is 40% less than 90?

a) 36

b) 60

c) 50

d) 54

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) 54**

60% of 90 =

### Income, Expenditure, Salary and Wages : Percentage MCQ

**Q.15** Rambabu donated 3% of his income to a charity and deposited 12% of the rest in bank. If now he has ₹ 12804, then his income was :

a) ₹ 17460

b)₹ 15000

c) ₹ 7500

d) ₹ 14550

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b)₹ 15000**

Let Rambabu salary ₹ A

Remaining after Donation

Remaining after deposit in bank

=> A =

**Q.16: **A man spends 75% of his income. His income is increased by 20% and he increased his expenditure by 10%. His savings is increased by :

a) 33 %

b) 50%

c) 25%

d) 10%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 50%**

Income =100, Expenditure = 75, Saving 25

New Income = 120,

New Expenditure

New Saving = (120 – 82.5) = 37.5

Increase in saving = 37.5 – 25 = 12.5

% increase = = 50%

**Q.17: **Two numbers are less than a third number by 30% and 37% respectively. How much per cent is the second number less than the first?

a) 10

b) 4

c) 3

d) 7

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 10**

3rd =100, 1st = 70, 2nd = 63

2nd number less than 1st = 70-63 = 7

% less from 1st number = = 10%

**Q.18: **Ram saves 14% of his salary while Shyam saves 22%. If both get the same salary and Shyam saves ₹ 1540, what is the savings of Ram?

a) ₹ 990

b) ₹ 980

c) ₹ 890

d) ₹ 880

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) ₹ 980**

Let Ram and Shyam salary is ₹A

Ram Saving =

**Q.19:** Tulsiram’s salary is 20% more than that of Kashyap. If Tulsiram saves ₹ 720 which is 4% of his salary, then Kashyap’s salary is :

a) ₹ 15,000

b) ₹ 12,000

c) ₹ 10,000

d) ₹ 22,000

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) ₹ 15,000**

Let Tulsiram salary = A

A = 18000

Kashyap Salary

### Ration and Percentage MCQ

**Q.20:** The ratio of two numbers is 4: 5 when the first is increased by 20% and the second is decreased by 20%, the ratio of the resulting numbers is :

a) 4 : 5

b) 5 : 4

c) 5 : 6

d) 6 : 5

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) 6 : 5**

= 12x = 12x => 6:5

**Q.21: ** If 10% of m is the same as 20% of n, then m : n is equal to :

a) 2 : 1

b) 1 : 2

c) 1 : 10

d) 1 : 20

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 2 : 1**

### Alligation and Mixture (Percentage) Questions

**Q.22: **In one litre of a mixture of alcohol and water, water is 30%. The amount of alcohol that must be added to the mixture so that the part of water in the mixture becomes 15% is :

a) 1000 ml

b) 700 ml

c) 300 ml

d) 900 ml

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 1000 ml**

Alcohol = 700 ml and water = 300 ml

Let x ml of alcohol is mixed

=> 1000 + x = 2000

=> x = 1000 ml

**Q.23: **If 4 litres of water is evaporated on boiling from 12 litres of salt solution containing 7 percentage salt, the percentage of salt in the remaining solution is :

a) 10.5%

b) 11.5%

c) 12%

d) 13%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 10.5%**

Salt = = 0.84 units

Water = 12 – 0.84 = 11.16 units

After evaporation, Percentage of salt = = 10.5%

### Consumption and Expenditure : Percentage MCQ

**Q.24: **Price of milk has increased by 20%. To keep the expenditure unchanged, the present consumption is to be reduced by :

a) 20%

b) 18%

c) 10%

d)

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d)**

**Trick**: Required percentage decrease =

Milk consumption percentage decrease = %

**Q.25: **The price of a commodity rises from `6 per kg to`

7.50 per kg. If the expenditure cannot increase, the percentage of reduction in consumption is :

a) 15%

b) 20%

c) 25%

d) 30%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 20%**

Percentage increase = = 25%

Percentage decrease in consumption = = 20%

**Q.26: **If the duty on an article is reduced by 40% of its present rate, by how much percent must its consumption increase in order that the revenue remains unaltered?

a) 60%

b) 72%

c)

d)

###### Show Answer

**Ans d)**

Required Increase = %

**Q.27: **If the price of a commodity is decreased by 20% and its consumption is increased by 20%, what will be the increase or decrease in the expenditure on the commodity?

a) 4% increase

b) 4% decrease

c) 8% decrease

d) 8% increase

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 4% decrease**

Let price = ₹100, and consumed = 100 unit

Expenditure : 100 x100 =₹ 10000

New price = 80, New consumption = 120 units

New Expenditure = 80 x 120 =₹ 9600

Decrease = ₹ 400

% percentage decrease = = 4%

### Percentage MCQ based on Examinations and Marks

Obtained

**Q. 28: **A candidate who gets 20% marks in an examination, fails by 30 marks. But if he gets 32% marks, he gets 42 marks more than the minimum pass marks. Find the pass percentage of marks.

a) 52%

b) 20%

c) 25%

d) 12%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 25%**

Let Maximum (full) marks is x.

=> x =600

Minimum passing marks =

Pass percentage of marks = = 25%

**Q. 28:** A class has two sections, which contain 20 and 30 students. The pass percentage of these sections are 80% and 60% respectively. The pass percentage of whole class is :

a) 60%

b) 68%

c) 70%

d) 78%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 68%**

Required % is = = 68%

**Q.29: **In an examination, 19% students fail in Mathematics and 10% students fail in English. If 7% of all students fail in both subjects, then the number of students passed in both subjects is :

(a) 36 % of all students

(b) 64% of all students

(c) 71% of all students

(d) 78% of all students

###### Show Answer

**Ans : (d) 78% of all students**

Failed students in either one or two subjects = 19+10-7 = 22%

students passed in both subjects is : 100 -22 = 78%

**Q.30:** A student has to secure 40% marks to pass. He gets 90 marks and fails by 10 marks. Maximum marks are :

a) 200

b) 225

c) 250

d) 275

###### Show Answer

**Ans : c) 250**

Let maximum marks = x

### Based on Tricks Net Increase or Decrease Percentage (MCQ)

**Q.31: **A number is first decreased by 20%. The decreased number is then increased by 20%. The resulting number is less than the original number by 20. Then the original number is :

a) 200

b) 400

c) 500

d) 600

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) 500**

**Trick :**Net % change = %

Effective percentage = = -4%

4% of number is 20

Number (100%) is 20 x 25 = 500

**Q.32: **The strength of a school increases and decreases in every alternate year by 10%. It started with increase in 2010. Then the strength of the school in 2013 as compared to that in 2010 was :

a) Increased by 8.9%

b) Decreased by 8.9%

c) Increased by 9.8%

d) Decrease by 9.8%

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) Increased by 8.9%**

Let in 2010 students are 100

In 2011 increase 10% => 110

In 2012 decrease 10% =>110 – 11 = 99

In 2013 increase 10% =>99 +9.9 = 108.9

Increase in compare of 2010 = 108.9 – 100 = 8.9%

### Percentage Questions on Voters in an Election

**Q.33: **At an election there were two candidates. A candidate got 38% of votes and lost by 7200 number of votes. The total number of valid votes were :

a) 13000

b) 13800

c) 16200

d) 30000

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) 30000**

Let valid vote = x

(62 – 38)% of x = 7200

=>

=> x = 30000

**Q.34: ** 8% of the voters in an election did not cast their votes. In this election, there were only two candidates. The winner by obtaining 48% of the total votes defeated his contestant by 1100 votes. The total number of voters in the election was :

a) 21000

b) 23500

c) 22000

d) 27500

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) 27500**

Let total vote 100

Number of vote polled = 100 – 8 = 92

Winner obtained 48

Loser obtained => 92 -48 =44

Difference of votes is 48 – 44 = 4 for 100 voters

For difference 1100 votes, total voters =

### Percentage MCQ on Depreciation and Population Increase

**Q.35: **The population of a village decreases at the rate of 20% per annum. If its population 2 years ago was 10,000 the present population is :

a) 4600

b) 6400

c) 7600

d) 6000

###### Show Answer

**Ans : b) 6400**

Present population is =

=

**Q.36: **The population of a village has increased annually at the rate of 25%. If at the end of 3 years it is 10,000, the population in the beginning of the first year was :

a) 5120

b) 5000

c) 4900

d) 4500

###### Show Answer

**Ans : a) 5120**

Population beginning of 1st year =

### Reducing and Exceeding Prices : Percentage MCQ

**Formula/ Trick: **On increasing/decreasing the cost of a certain article by x%, a person can buy ‘a’ kg of article less/more in ‘y’ Rupee, then the increased/decreased cost of the commodity

New Price=

Old Price=

**Q.37: If the price of apples is reduced by 25%, a customer gets 2 Kg more apples for ₹ 240, what is the reduced price per Kg?**

a) 20 ₹ / Kg

b) 25 ₹ / Kg

c) 30 ₹ / Kg

d) 35 ₹ / Kg

###### Show Answer

**c) 30 ₹ / Kg**

**Solve. नया मूल्य =**

**= 30 ₹ / Kg Ans**

**Formula/ Trick:**On increasing/decreasing the cost of a certain article by x%, a person can buy ‘a’ kg of article less/more in ‘y’ Rupee, then the increased/decreased cost of the commodity

New Price=

Old Price=

**Q.38: Due to 10% reduction in the price of tea, A person get 250 Gm of tea more than before in ₹ 270. The difference between the first price and the new price ( ₹ / Kg ) of tea ?**

a) 12 ₹ / Kg

b) 14 ₹ / Kg

c) 17 ₹ / Kg

d) 21 ₹ / Kg

###### Show Answer

**a) 12 ₹ / Kg**

**Solve. New price**

**=**=108

**Old Price**= =120

**difference = (120 – 108)**

**= 12 ₹ / Kg Ans**

**Q.39: **A reduction of 25% in the price of rice enables a person to buy 10 kg more rice for ₹ 600. The reduced per kg price of rice is :

a) ₹ 30

b) ₹ 25

c) ₹ 20

d) ₹ 15

###### Show Answer

**Ans : d) ₹ 15**

Reduced / New price =

Thanks for attempt Percentage MCQ questions for Competitive Exams.

**Percentage MCQ Questions with Solution (Hindi) : Click here **

- Percentage Practice Set in Hindi : Questions with Solution – NRA STUDY
- Percentage Questions in Hindi with Solution – NRA STUDY

LaharikaIn 16th question, in the second point of the solution new income should be 120 not 125.

ajayguliaCorrected – It was typing error. Thanks a lot for pointing out the mistake.

DEEPAKin question no. 32 it is clearly stated that “it starts with increase in 2010”

so

2010- 110

2011- 99

2012-108.9

2013-98.01

ajayguliaIf you start from 2010 than calculate up to 2012. Because in that case strength of school in 2013 is the strength at the completion of 2012.